The winner between the Islanders and Aggies will face the winner of Oklahoma and Arizona, who face each other in the first match of the day at 10 a.m. on Friday. With a 13-4 mark across three positions, Pedrosa was one of four Islanders all-conference singles honorees, joining William Mottet on the second team. Mottet was 13-7 overall and 4-1 in conference play at No. 1 singles. Oklahoma (15-10, 2-5 Big 12) defeated seven nationally-ranked squads this season but couldn’t topple No. 2 national seed Texas in the semifinals of the Big-12 tournament. Arizona (17-7, 3-5 Pac-12) fell to No. 12 national seed Stanford in the first round of the Pac-12 tournament. In front of an electric home crowd at the Thomas J. Henry Center, Carlos Pedrosa secured a three-set victory that served as the match’s clinching point. After dropping the opening frame 6-1, he stormed back to force a third set in which he topped Dimitris Azoides 6-3. The Islanders advanced to the Southland Conference championship match for the seventh-straight season with a 4-2 win over Incarnate Word. A&M-Corpus Christi punched their eighth ticket to the NCAA Tournament with a 4-3 win over regular-season champion Abilene Christian. Francois Kellerman, who went 3-1 at No. 2 singles in league play, and Kyohei Yamanaka, who was a perfect 3-0 against Southland opponents at No. 6 singles, landed on the singles first team. COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS – The Texas A&M-Corpus Christi men’s tennis team will take on host Texas A&M, the No. 13 national seed, in the first round of the 2019 NCAA Division I Men’s Tennis Tournament at 1 p.m. CT Friday at the George P. Mitchell Tennis Center. On the other side of the net, the Aggies placed four nationally-ranked players on the All-SEC teams. No. 37 Carlos Aguilar was named to the first team and the trio of No. 76 Hady Habib, No. 78 Valentin Vacherot and No. 103 Barnaby Smith earned All-SEC Second Team honors. Texas A&M earned six wins over nationally-ranked teams, including a win over No. 1 national seed Ohio State, on its way to 20-7 overall and 10-2 SEC records. The Aggies were upended by No. 22 South Carolina in the quarterfinals of the SEC tournament.
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Pumps and heads of seriesSpain and Canada, champion and runner-up of 2019, can be two of the series heads due to their outcome final 12 months, whereas the opposite series heads are decided by the Rating of Nations. On this method France, Croatia, the USA and Serbia have this situation.All of the heads of the series are already assigned what hype they will play and are already ready for a random draw from the international locations that can make up the two and Three drums.The Davis Cup Finals 2020 draw boatsBoat 11. Spain: Group A2. Canada: Group B3. France: Group C4. Croatia: Group D5. United States: Group E6. Serbia: Group FBoat 2GermanyItalyBritainAustraliaKazakhstanRussiaBoat 3SwedenAustriaCzech RepublicColombiaHungaryEcuador This Thursday is held in London (17:00 Spanish time, 16:00 native time) the draw of the teams of the Closing Part of the Davis Cup to be held on the Magic Field in Madrid from November 23 to 29. We convey you a easy information in order that you recognize all the main points of this decisive draw that can determine a very good half of the matches of this part of the competitors.FormatWithin the draw tomorrow will outline how the varied teams are distributed and how would be the crossings of rooms, semifinals and the way in which to the tip of the event. The 18 labeled international locations can be distributed in 6 teams of Three international locations. The primary six of every group and the 2 greatest seconds within the general calculation would be the groups that entry the quarterfinals.Gear18 groups will play the Closing Part of the Davis Cup within the Magic Field. These 18 groups are Spain, because the 2019 champion; Canada, as runner-up; Russia and Britain as semifinalists; France and Serbia, which have obtained an invite from the group; and the 12 international locations which have certified by the playoffs: Croatia, United States, Germany, Italy, Australia, Kazakhstan, Sweden, Austria, Czech Republic, Colombia, Hungary and Ecuador.
The Russian state bank Vnesheconombank (VEB) announced on Wednesday the acquisition of 77.63% of the shares of the professional football club CSKA Moscow. According to a VEB statement, the operation was carried out by exchanging the debt that the club had with the bank for the share package.The new board of directors of the club was made up of, in addition to representatives of the VEB and the CSKA, Maxim Oreshkin, adviser to the Russian president, Vladimir Putin, and the CEO of the IT Mail.ru group, Borís Dobrodeev. “I stress: there will be no changes in CSKA’s sports management as a result of this operation”VEB President Igor Shuvalov was quoted as saying in the statement. He added that CSKA President Yevgueni Guiner will continue to head the club and continue its squad design policy. The amount of the debt that the CSKA had with the bank is not specified in the press release.Former Soviet Army football club, after the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union the CSKA became a shareholders’ association in which the Russian Ministry of Defense participated until 2012, the year in which it sold all of its shares ( 24.94%)CSKA Moscow has seven leagues and four cups from the USSR, six league titles and seven cups from Russia, and one UEFA Cup (2005).
“We are still committed and dedicated to development, growth and progress of Liberia’s socio-economic conditions irrespective of the many challenges and constraints facing the nation and its people,” CEO Antonio Maria assured Liberians.This assertion was contained in comments made by Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia’s CEO Antonio Carlos Maria during a news conference held Sept. 9, at the company’s operations site in Buchanan City, Grand Bassa County.He explained that those areas of socio-economic growth include; the corporation’s social corporate responsibility such as the construction and rehabilitation of roads, bridges and other critical infrastructure.CEO Maria also reminded the Liberian Government and Liberians that Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia remains committed to its initial policy statement that the corporation will continue to maintain theme ‘Transforming Tomorrow’ into productive and economic driven endeavors for all Liberians.“Our business as corporate entity is intended to ensure the overall empowerment of Liberians in the areas of employment, training and sustained development and growth,” CEO Maria stressed.Shedding light on current and future employment, the Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia’s CEO intimated that to date 1, 500 qualified Liberians and other personnel are in the employ of the corporation both in Yekepa, Nimba County and Buchanan, Grand Bassa County.He also indicated that in the second phase of Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia’s operations, a projection of 2,500 qualified Liberians and other personnel would be employed in the country.Commenting on specific area of training, CEO Maria disclosed that, it is one of the main reasons the Vocational Training Center was established, gearing towards training Liberians for more employment opportunities in the mining operations of the company.On what was invested in the phase one operations of Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia, CEO Maria intimated that a little over one billion United States dollars was invested and expended in Liberia.Asked about the second of the Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia’s project, the Chief Executive Officer disclosed that US$ 1.5 billion has been invested for the overall operations in the country.On the issue of housing benefits for employees and other support staff, CEO Maria disclosed that the provision of housing units is another empowerment project intended to ensure that employees work in an enabling environment that would ensure their productivity.The Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia’s head also disclosed that the housing initiative is an ongoing endeavor that is embedded in the second phase of the mining operations in the country.Throwing light on environmental and sanitation issues, CEO Maria further disclosed that every effort is being exerted by Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia to ensure that its areas of operations are free of sanitation, health and environmental hazards.“Regulations, laws and rules that are associated with sanitation and environment are strictly observed and adhered to in all the operations areas of Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia,” CEO Maria assured Liberians.Commenting on safety standards for employees and other essential staff, the Arcelor-Mittal-Liberia boss said the company’s safety practices and guidelines are some of the best frameworks in the country.“We will never attempt to compromise on safety standards, rules and regulations in our areas of operation in Liberia,” CEO Maria emphasized.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
European Union and Africa are to shortly commence their fourth summit aimed at developing human capital through education and training, and creation of additional incentives for investment and job opportunities.The EU-Africa Summit will begins on April 2 to 3 2014 in Brussels under the theme, “Investing in People, Prosperity and Peace,” and building on the spirit of their 2007 joint strategy, European Union and Africa will discuss as equal partners how to deepen cooperation under these three areas. The two continental groups are jointly committed to fostering human capital through education and training, creating incentives for investment, and finding ways of stimulating growth that will create jobs in particular for young people. They also work closely together for peace and security, which are prerequisites for prosperity and growth.The European Union will be represented by President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy and President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso. The summit will bring together the Heads of State and Government of the European Union and the African continent, together with the leaders of the EU and African Union institutions. A range of high-ranking international observers will also be associated.”Both Africa and the European Union will come together to address the challenges that each of our continent faces and the ones that face the world as a whole. The theme we have chosen addresses the everyday concerns of our citizens– their safety and security, their job prospects, and their future as families and individuals. I am looking forward to a summit that will further reinforce our partnership and contribute to improve the quality of hope ofour population “, said President Van Rompuy.President Barroso ahead of the meeting said: “Fulfilling the vision set out in the Joint Africa-EU Strategy, the summit will deepen our partnership of equals and seize further cooperation opportunities by expanding political, economic, investment and trade ties. This includes the pursuit of durable and sustainable economic growth generating jobs for all our citizens”.The summit between Africa and EU is very significant to Africa especially as EU is one great partner that provides funds for development in Africa.Of recent EU promised to commit billions of Euros for development in Africa. The amount will impact various development initiatives in Africa including trade, investment, combating of drug trafficking, amongst others.While this summit goes on, Africans expect EU to come out with promises of committing funds to those areas of concern for the two-day summit in Brussels.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
The Ministry of Lands, Mines, Energy and Natural Resources Deputy Minister for Administration-designate, has assured a Senate confirmation hearing that as a public servant his patriotism remains unquestionable, while his loyalty and commitment to country are unflinching and surpass everything.Mr. Jenkins Okika Atuanya told the Senate Committee on Lands, Mines, Energy and Natural Resources, that character and credibility play significant roles in setting the gauge to qualify a person for a high profile job like the one he has been nominated to occupy.Believing that perfection is not common to humans, except Jesus Christ, Mr. Atuanya said it is important to add “some moral values to whatever we do in the public sector and this is where the issue of integrity comes into play.” “Practically, for me, integrity is what you do when you are in your closet or your darkest corner, or locked behind your office door and no one is watching you. My inspiration of the years of service has been to serve my country and I do this with a great deal of respect and love for country, not engaging in unscrupulous acts,” declared Atuanya, who has served the ministry since 2012 as Assistant Minister for Administration and Comptroller. Atuanya promised that if confirmed, he will keep track of all ongoing activities, especially the priority of bringing reliable and affordable electricity “to our people and re-strengthening the mining sector in the wake of the shock.” He admitted that the mining sector lacks sufficient manpower, especially in the area of supervisors and inspectors.To the dismay of committee members, Mr. Atuanya disclosed that the shortage of inspectors is such that the ministry is constrained to use non-employees to serve as mining inspectors, who in turn pay themselves from what is realized from their field jobs. Before his nomination, Atuanya served in the positions of Comptroller, Project Director, Executive Assistant, and Director for Administration and Finance, and currently Assistant Minister for Administration.Also appearing before the Albert T. Chie-chaired Committee in the Conference Room of the Pro Tempore Armah Jallah last week, was Henry Sambola, who, as Assistant Minister for Administration-designate, is nominated to replace Atuanya.Confirmation reports for both nominees are expected on the agenda for today’s sitting of the Senate. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
FORT ST JOHN, BC – Nine members of the Inconnu Swim Club made a big splash at the Alberta Swim Championship in Edmonton last weekend. In preparation for the meet, only five of the nine athletes tapered to maximize success as four others had larger national-level meets coming up in the next month. Head Coach of the Inconnu Swim Team, Steve Carson said, “The meet had its moments, some good, some bad and some downright ugly. The Alberta Championship showcased the absolute best in the province and was an eye-opener to the tough competition we have in Alberta.”- Advertisement -Regardless of the fierce competition, a few Inconnu swimmers were able to slip into top placements. Owen Lang broke two club records at the competition including the U12 Boys 50 metre and 200 metre Butterfly events.Lang became the first swimmer in Inconnu history to swim the 50 metre Fly in under thirty seconds as a U12 athlete. He also beat the 200 m Butterfly club record which was previously set by Tytan Carson last year by eight seconds. Tytan Carson was also able to slip into medal contention in the tough field of athletes. Carson earned himself a gold, silver and bronze in his respective distances and was Inconnu Swim Club’s only medalist at the Alberta Championship.Advertisement Three Inconnu swimmers also qualified new times during the meet to compete at the Canada Western Championship. Tytan Carson, Cameron Louie and Griffin Ternier-Smith have now all earned themselves the opportunity to compete at the Championship which will be held in Victoria, April 11-April 15th. Sadly, Carson is too young to attend Canadian Westerns, and it is unlikely Cameron Louie will attend as he only has one qualifying time. But Head Coach Steve Carson is hopeful that Ternier-Smith will be able to join the current roster at the competition.Currently, three other Inconnu athletes including Brittney Welsh, Alex Hedges and Eric Louie are planning on attending Canada Western Championships in three and a half weeks time.The competitive swim season is still in full swing as a good number of Inconnu athletes will be attending a regional competition in Grande Prairie in early May.Advertisement
A well-known hotel outside Letterkenny has been announced as the 2016 Ulster Hotel Carvery of The Year Winner. Carvery lunches are a top dining experience across the county, and the demand for top quality food and hospitality has hotels looking for innovative ways to build on tradition with locally-sourced produce and comfortable dining.From a huge list of properties, only three hotels in Ulster made it through to the final of the KNORR Great Carvery of the Year Awards. This Silver Tassie Hotel scooped the Ulster title at the gala event in Dublin this week. Culinary staff and management of the Letterkenny hotel were delighted to claim the accolade, as head chef Karl Murtagh along with hotel owner Mr Ciaran Blaney collected the prestige award on behalf of the team.The Silver Tassie Hotel has a long-established reputation for providing good locally-produced food and a home-from-home portion size.One of the main aims of the hotel is to make eating out affordable, with their daily carvery prices ranging from €4.50 to the popular five course Sunday carvery costing €22.50 per adult and €12.00 for children (under fours eat for free).There is a supervised Kids Corner available free of charge during the award-winning Sunday lunch, which makes for happy mums and dads. The hotel’s head chef Karl and his team say that are happy to cater for any dietary requests.“So many people now have gluten, dairy etc allergies and we are happy to cater for all. Our motto at The Tassie is every taste can be catered for,” he says. “Our customers have always been our best judges and we are delighted with the loyalty both locally and further afield, thank you for your ongoing support.” says Ciaran Blaney, proprietor of the Silver Tassie Hotel & Spa. The Tassie team wish to thank their loyal customers for their continued support.Which Donegal hotel is Ulster Carvery Hotel of the Year? was last modified: October 7th, 2016 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:awardscarverdiningfoodletterkennysilver taste hotel
Ballyliffin Golf News:Sun 3.8.15 Confined.1st Des Kemmy (6) 39 pts.2nd Kevin McLaughlin (11) 37 pts.3rd Aidan McLaughlin (15) 37 pts.Gross Ryan Doherty (4) 31 gr pts.4th Joe Sheridan (17) 36 pts. CSS 71. Sat 1.8.15 Saturday Confined.1st Kyle Harkin (11) 38 pts.2nd Ryan Doherty (5) 36 pts.3rd Cecil Doherty (7) 36 pts.Gross Aaron Jenkins (10) 23 gr. pts.4th Jimmy Clancy (12) 34 pts.CSS 75LadiesSun 2.8.15 Ladies 9 hole Confined. 0-181st Geraldine Mullan 18 pts.2nd Joan Doherty 18 pts.19-281st Breige Doherty 19 pts.2nd Theresa McLaughlin 15 pts.29- 361st Marlene O’Kane 13 pts.2nd Anna Glover 8 pts.Tues 28.7.15 Ladies Confined.1st Fodhla Glover 39 pts.2nd Marie Durso 37 pts.3rd Noeleen Gordon 33 pts.4th Teresa Devlin 33 pts.Back 9 Ruth McGartoll 16 pts.CSS 72. Forthcoming Fixtures.Every Friday night 9 Hole Scramble from 5 pm.Sat 8.08.2015 Carndonagh FC Classic.-The Old Links.Sun 9.08.2015 Confined on Glashedy.Sat 15.08.2015 Mr President’s Day – Dave Cawley.Sat 22.8.2015 Lady Captain’s Day – Ruth McGartoll.Sat 29.8.2015. Ballyliffin Golf Club ‘CLUB CLASSIC’ (Visitors €40 p/p).Timesheet in operation 0749378100.Wed/Thurs/Fri 7,8 & 9 Oct 2015 Great North Links Challenge.GOLF NEWS: DES KEMMY IN FINE FORM OVER THE WEEKEND AT BALLYLIFFIN was last modified: August 5th, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Sport
(Visited 102 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 You would think things would have cooled down after 4.5 billion years. That’s not what planetary scientists are observing.Ceres Cold VolcanoesSeveral news outlets reported that the dwarf planet Ceres, largest body in the asteroid belt, has ice volcanoes. Phys.org says that the famous Ahuna Mons cryovolcano, announced in 2015 from Dawn Spacecraft observations, is probably not alone. If there’s one, there’s probably been more.Adding to the puzzle are the steep sides and well-defined features of Ahuna Mons – usually signs of geologic youth, [Michael] Sori [U of Arizona] said. That leads to two possibilities: Ahuna Mons is just as it appears, inexplicably alone after forming relatively recently on an otherwise inactive world. Or, the cryovolcano is not alone or unusual, and there is some process on Ceres that has destroyed its predecessors and left the young Ahuna Mons as the solitary cryovolcano on the dwarf planet, according to Sori.Earlier volcanoes may have flattened out by viscous relaxation over millions of years, the article claims. But then why would there be any activity at all today? “Ahuna Mons is at most 200 million years old, “Sori claims. “It just hasn’t had time to deform.” He guesses that age by assuming models of water-ice content and other model parameters, and fitting its lifetime into what he assumes for the age of the solar system (A.S.S.) in Darwin Years. It should be noted, though, that 200 million years represents only 1/23rd of the A.S.S. Was activity occurring steadily for the other 22/23rds of the dwarf planet’s existence?Ceres bright spots in Occator CraterAdding to the puzzle is the brightness of those intriguing white spots in Occator Crator. Another news item on Phys.org says they are only 4 million Darwin Years old, 30 million Darwin Years younger than the crater itself. What happened? The article presents a story, but it’s difficult to explain a one-off type of feature. See Astrobiology Magazine for pretty pictures and more storytelling.Space. com puts a happy face on the quandary facing old-age planetary scientists:“It would be fun to check some of the other features that are potentially older domes on Ceres to see if they fit in with the theory of how the shapes should viscously evolve over time,” Singer said in the same statement. “Because all of the putative cryovolcanic features on other worlds are different, I think this helps to expand our inventory of what is possible.“Yes; explaining features that your philosophy did not predict can be loads of fun.The Way the Comet CrumblesIs Comet 67P breaking up? That’s what scientists are guessing after the ESA crashed their Rosetta orbiter into the comet. It’s not surprising, of course, that comets crumble and dissipate as they round the sun. Several comets have been seen to break up (most famously Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 whose fragments crashed into Jupiter in 1994). Rosetta scientists are watching cliffs collapse, bright spots appear and jets erupt from beneath the surface of Comet 67P, as Monica Grady describes with pictures on The Conversation.Another comet broke in half last month. Space.com tells about how Comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann was observed to split apart as astronomers watched from a telescope in Chile. “”It certainly feels like it’s only a matter of time before comet 73P is destroyed, disintegrating into a trail of cosmic dust,” said one astronomer, aware that the solar wind and solar radiation spell doom for all comets eventually. The question is why there are any comets left after 4.6 billion years.A Black Eye for Enceladus?Astronomers are calling on their favorite theory rescue device again – asteroid impacts – to try to explain one of the most amazing discoveries by the Cassini spacecraft: the geysers of Saturn’s little moon Enceladus. The impact theory has arisen of necessity, Leah Crane reports on New Scientist, because of the puzzling features of this moon. Why is all the activity at the south pole? The astronomers’ previous explanation, tidal flexing, would tend to make the activity spread all over the body. So sound the bugles: in comes an impactor!Enceladus’ south pole is wounded, bleeding heat and water. Its injury may have come from a huge rock smashing into this frigid moon of Saturn less than 100 million years ago, leaving the area riddled with leaky cracks.The region near Enceladus’ south pole marks one of the solar system’s most intriguing mysteries. It spews plumes of liquid from an interior ocean, plus an enormous amount of heat. The south pole’s heat emission is about 10 gigawatts higher than expected – equivalent to the power of 4000 wind turbines running at full capacity. The rest of the moon, though, is cold and relatively homogeneous.“We don’t have a really good explanation for why all this activity is so concentrated,” says John Spencer at the Southwest Research Institute in Colorado.Every solution breeds new problems, though. Where did this impactor come from? And why did it hit 100 million Darwin Years ago, long after the solar system had theoretically quieted down? 100 million years is just 1/45th of the A.S.S.Saturn’s moon Enceladus with “Tiger Stripes” fissures where geysers erupt10 gigawatts is enough to make Doc cry, “Great Scott!” That’s a lot of heat for a moon the diameter of Arizona. In Icarus, five planetary scientists try to model “heat transport in the high-pressure ice mantle of large icy moons,” particular bigger ones like Ganymede and Titan. They assume that melt extraction is instantaneous, but end up with long ages: “Overall, we predict long periods of time during these moons’ history where water generated in contact with the rock core is transported to the above ocean,” they say, because they have to. Models must fit the A.S.S.Speaking of Titan, Astrobiology Magazine says that dissolved nitrogen may make the giant moon’s methane lakes fizzy. Up comes the bubbling crude to the delight of the Titan hillbillies, which certain astrobiologists expect might exist (see Space.com).Note: The Cassini mission ends on September 15. For a timetable of Grand Finale events, including daring dives between the rings, see the JPL Cassini page.The Pluto PapersWe won’t dwell on Pluto’s possible comeback as a planet, since that’s simply a philosophical question of taxonomy. Of interest in this article is, why is Pluto still active? The planetary journal Icarus featured a series of papers about Pluto last month. For those wishing to do further research on signs of youth vs age, here’s a list of the papers, starting with one led by the project scientist of the New Horizons mission:False-color image of Pluto from New Horizons, July 24, 2015MacKinnon et al., “Origin of the Pluto–Charon system: Constraints from the New Horizons flyby,” Icarus. Guess the latest origin theory. Impact!Howard et al., “Present and Past Glaciation on Pluto,” Icarus. First highlight: “Nitrogen glaciers are presently flowing on Pluto.” Question: why, after 4.5 billion years?Umurhan et al., “Modeling Glacial Flow on and onto Pluto’s Sputnik Planitia,” Icarus. Undoubtedly they do their best to keep flows going for billions of Darwin Years.Schmitt et al., “Physical state and distribution of materials at the surface of Pluto,” Icarus. As they watch material sublimate away, they’re seeking “to better understand the geophysical processes in action at the surface of this astonishingly active frozen world.“Moore et al., “Sublimation as a landform-shaping process on Pluto,” Icarus. One way out of the time problem: ” In our models, the temporal evolution of pitted surfaces is such that initially lots of time passes with little happening, then eventually, very rapid development of relief and rapid sublimation.”Robbins et al., “Craters of the Pluto-Charon System,” Icarus. This team conducts initial mapping of craters before interpreting them. The lack of craters was a big puzzle for the scientists, indicating that much of Pluto’s surface, especially Sputnik Planitia, must be very young.Protopapa et al., “Pluto’s global surface composition through pixel-by-pixel Hapke modeling of New Horizons Ralph/LEISA data,” Icarus. They consider Sputnik Planitia as a possible cold trap of volatiles.Desch and Neveu, “Differentiation and cryovolcanism on Charon: A view before and after New Horizons,” Icarus. This overconfident duo claims, “In this article we compare the predictions against the new observations, and find that they largely support the expected history of the Pluto system and the evolution of Charon.” Why, then, the surprised looks on the team’s faces? Their ‘predictions’ rely on radiogenic heat, not observable, only accessible to models.Beyer et al., “Charon Tectonics,” Icarus (open access). “New Horizons images of Pluto’s companion Charon show a variety of terrains that display extensional tectonic features, with relief surprising for this relatively small world.” With some strain, they find a way to fit the observations to the A.S.S.Commenting on Beyer’s paper, Jesse Emspak at Space.com says that “Pluto’s moon Charon had its own icy plate tectonics” – a surprising claim for such a small body. As you ponder the heat sources, try saying ‘proto-Pluto’ five times real fast.Beyer noted that current models depict Charon forming as a result of a proto-Pluto colliding with something big and effectively splitting into two unequal pieces, one of which would become Charon. The initial collision would have generated some heat, and radioactive elements in Charon’s core would have generated some more, he said. Initially the surface, made mostly of water with some ammonia, would freeze, but the layer between the rocky core and crust of ice would still be liquid, he added.Doctors will do whatever it takes to keep their patient’s A.S.S. intact.Planetary scientists could have such an easier time by relaxing their anal-retentive A.S.S. and enjoying youth.