By Andréa Lemos/Diálogo April 12, 2019 Brazil takes part in operations with the United Nations (UN) to contribute to peaceful conflict resolutions in different regions since 1947. According to UN data, as of February 28, 2019, Brazil contributed 275 military and police service members, mission experts, and Staff officers to the 21 missions around the world—of those, eight (2.9 percent) were women. The objective is to multiply the number by 2020 for female participation to reach 15 percent of the Brazilian contingent. The challenge isn’t limited to Brazil. “UN Security Council resolution 2242 (2015) established quantitative goals for contributing countries with military and police personnel. This outcry for female participation goes beyond the matter of representation,” said Brazilian Navy (MB, in Portuguese) Commander Adler Cardoso Ferreira, commandant of MB’s Naval Peacekeeping Operations Academy. The institution under the Almirante Sylvio de Camargo Training Center created the Peacekeeping Operations Internship for Women, in partnership with the UN’s Information Centre in Brazil. “Women’s presence in peacekeeping missions is essential. I can mention some reasons, for instance, a better ability to conduct activities to counter gender violence, or to facilitate the approach with cultures that value women’s roles in certain social tasks,” said Cmdr. Adler. As such, the internship’s goal is not only to attract volunteers for missions, but also to qualify women to participate so that they can take up leadership roles, strengthen female empowerment, and prevent violence against women. Preparation The first edition of the Peacekeeping Operations Internship for Women took place December 2018. Its positive results led the organization to conduct a second edition, March 13-22, 2019. Thirty women participated, including 21 MB officers, two from Rio de Janeiro’s State Military Fire Brigade, and seven civilian academics. Class activities were mainly focused on presenting the core pre-deployment training materials guide to students. The curriculum consists of essential knowledge required from all personnel working in peacekeeping operations, whether they are service members, police officers, or civilians. Brazilian Air Force (FAB, in Portuguese) Lieutenant Colonel Priscila Maria Frank Braz Guimarães was studying UN material online, when the opportunity for the internship came up. “It was very interesting, especially because of the hands-on activities,” said the officer, who currently attends the Brazilian Air Command and General Staff Academy. During activities, students simulated situations that can occur daily during missions. “We learned how to identify possible mines and explosive remnants, how to conduct ourselves on those grounds, and how to move on foot and with an armored vehicle,” said Lt. Col. Priscila. Students also attended the military observation workshop, where they simulated military troop crossings to report what happened. They also attended a workshop to become familiar with weapons—often present in conflict regions—which the majority of internship attendees don’t handle in their daily roles. Lt. Col. Priscila has volunteered to participate in peacekeeping operations with FAB since 2016. Now that the increase of female personnel is a priority, aspiring women participants anxiously await the UN call. “I think it will be the experience of a lifetime, because I believe that, as a service member, I can carry my country’s flag during a mission and contribute toward improving the lives of other people,” she said. The desire to help others was also an incentive for Brazilian Marine Corps (CFN, in Portuguese) Lieutenant Colonel Carla Araújo, who took part in the first Peacekeeping Operations Internship for Women. The officer is close to achieving her dream. In late April, Lt. Col. Carla will join the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic. The officer has been a CFN dentist for about 15 years and heard many stories from service members who traveled to serve in peacekeeping operations. “Sometimes I feel as if I’m not making a difference here, as if I’m not doing all that I can to contribute to a better world. This is what moved me to apply for a position in the peacekeeping mission,” said Lt. Col. Carla, who will take on a role with the gender council, to observe and report matters related to women in conflict areas.
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Share 42 Views one comment Share Sharing is caring! Tweet LocalNews Walter wants diversifaction in the banana sector by: – June 7, 2011 Share Minister for Agriculture Hon. Matthew Walter. Photo credit: GIS NewsAgriculture Minister Mathew Walter says Dominica should seek to expand and diverse the banana industry to reduce the dependence on one mono-crop system.Walter said when the economic commission was no longer in a position to offer a protected and secure market for the country’s banana’s, Dominica suffered a major decline in the industry.“We have since learnt that in order to survive in this global economy, we must therefore expand and diversify the economy, such that we are not left with a single option for economic survival as was the case before,” Walter said.Walter was addressing the official commencement of phase 1-4 of the Waitikubuli National Trail Project on Sunday.Dominica Vibes News
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Aug 29 2018Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine have discovered that cell metabolism plays an important role in the ability of cells to start a survival program called autophagy, an unwanted side effect of some anti-cancer drugs that helps some tumor cells dodge treatment and eventually regrow into new tumors.These findings, reported in the Aug. 28 online edition of the journal Cell Reports, provide new insights for ways to use cell metabolism to “pull the plug” on tumor cells that survive treatment, possibly leading to better treatments and outcomes for patients.”Cells adapt to nutrient starvation by increasing autophagy, where a cell basically eats itself and recycles cellular contents to support essential processes until nutrients become plentiful once again. This process is regulated by the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and AMP-activated protein kinases (AMPK),” says Carol Mercer, PhD, research assistant professor in the Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, and a member of both the Cincinnati Cancer Center and UC Cancer Institute. “Drugs that target mTOR or activate AMPK are being used in the clinic for some cancers, and are under active investigation for others, making it important to understand how they affect this tumor cell survival pathway.””We found that cell metabolism significantly influences the ability to begin autophagy, with mitochondrial complex I function being an important factor in the initiation, amplification and duration of the response,” she continues. “We show that the anti-diabetic drug phenformin, the anti-diabetic drug metformin, and genetic defects in complex I shift cell metabolism toward glycolysis and inhibit the ability of mTOR inhibitors to prompt autophagy. The opposite is also true, as a shift away from glycolysis and toward mitochondrial metabolism, enhances autophagy through a mechanism that involves increased phospholipid metabolism. Our data demonstrate the importance of metabolism in the regulation of autophagy, increase our understanding of clinically relevant drugs that are important for cancer, and suggest new strategies to increase or inhibit autophagy.”Related StoriesNanoparticles used to deliver CRISPR gene editing tools into the cellNew protein target for deadly ovarian cancerStudy reveals link between inflammatory diet and colorectal cancer riskMercer, principal investigator on the study, and her lab, worked primarily in cultured cells to understand how metabolism regulates autophagy, identifying strategies to manipulate this pathway to the patients’ advantage. This work was built on pre-clinical studies in animal models by Hala Elnakat Thomas, PhD, first author and research instructor in the department, who found that the combination of mTOR inhibitors were effective in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer) but had the potential disadvantage of increasing autophagy.”Our data reveal the dynamic and metabolic regulation of autophagy and suggest new therapeutic strategies for cancer, neurodegenerative and mitochondrial diseases,” Mercer says. “We need to further explore the reasons this occurs and the implications for how the metabolic regulation of autophagy can be used in the clinic.” Source:https://www.healthnews.uc.edu/news/?/30214/