Science and Technology Caltech Water Conservation and the “New Normal” By SHAYNA CHABNER McKINNEY Published on Tuesday, June 9, 2015 | 5:12 pm Make a comment Business News Credit: Lance Hayashida/CaltechAt Caltech, as is true elsewhere in Pasadena and throughout California, water—and how to use it conservatively, conscientiously, and effectively—is a top priority.Governor Jerry Brown’s recent executive order to reduce water consumption and the Pasadena’s City Council’s subsequent regulations for limiting use have brought heightened attention to California’s drought. At Caltech, which has been working to reduce water consumption since long before the drought, water use is directly tied to research. Indeed, technical equipment and infrastructure can only operate safely and well when cooled. But here as elsewhere, the recent legislation has prompted renewed discussion about how to respond appropriately in the face of stricter conservation standards.On Tuesday, June 9, Caltech’s Sustainability Office is leading two campus town hall meetings and a water conservation resource fair to engage the community in a conversation about Caltech’s continuing water conservation efforts. The meetings will be held from 10–11:30 a.m. and 12–1:30 p.m. in the Beckman Institute Auditorium; the fair will take place in the Beckman Institute Courtyard from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.To help us to better understand this issue, as well as Caltech’s approach to water conservation and overall sustainable practices, we recently sat down with John Onderdonk, the director of sustainability programs at Caltech. Onderdonk joined the Institute eight years ago to lead its sustainability efforts.What is Caltech’s current water challenge?The city and state have asked us to significantly cut back on water use. On June 1, the Pasadena City Council declared a local water emergency, establishing a 28 percent water conservation goal that should be reached between now and January 2016. That’s a very short timeline and a very significant water reduction.Annually, Caltech uses about 200 million gallons of water, and we have been fairly consistent in that use over the last couple years, with a steady decrease from our peak use in 2006. Our industrial plants—the central and satellite plants—use more than half of that water in the process of providing electricity, heating, and cooling to the buildings on campus. The remaining water consumption is distributed between irrigation at about 16 percent—or 32 million gallons—and domestic building use at about 34 percent—or 68 million gallons.The city and state’s conservation efforts are focused on making immediate reductions. The way we are able to work toward their reduction goals right away is through our irrigation and other visible conservation efforts—on top of what we have already done up to this point.Some of the ways in which we are currently working toward the conservation goal are:* Maintaining a two-days-per-week watering schedule* Draining all of the campus water features that are not used to support biological life or recreational activities. These include:– Millikan Reflecting Pool– Beckman Institute Gene Pool– Watson Laboratory fountain– Beckman Auditorium fountains– Beckman Institute Courtyard fountain– South Undergraduate Courtyard fountain– Linde + Robinson Perception fountain– Moore Laboratory fountain– And smaller water features outside Parsons Gates, Dabney Garden, and The AthenaeumWhat are some of the changes people might see or experience because of these cutbacks?We are definitely going to see a physical change in the look of campus. As we stick to two days of watering per week across campus, and as we progress into the high summer heat, grasses will start going golden. That will be one of the most noticeable changes.We are also already seeing a lot of the trees, particularly the redwood trees near Watson [Laboratory], that are drought stressed. In fact, we removed five redwoods this month because they had died.Our trees are irrigated with the sprinkler system in our grass, so as we reduce the amount of watering that we can do, they in turn get a lot less water. To change that, we would need to retrofit our irrigation system for the trees. That would be costly.We may have to take more trees down if they die and as they pose safety hazards and risks. To help minimize that impact as best we can, we are already doing some supplemental watering for the trees, and we are testing a pilot project with an atmospheric air condenser to see if we can generate water for the trees and plants in alternative but still cost-effective ways.What measures does Caltech already have in place to conserve water?Since 2006, the Institute has reduced total water use by about 40 percent as part of its overall sustainability plan and efforts. We have made some significant gains, a lot by making changes to our system and everyday operation that you can’t really see. That has included installing recirculating water systems in fountains and water features; installing low-flow fixtures in our buildings; plumbing our new buildings with purple pipes, which means that they are compatible with recycled water and could use recycled water in the future for flushing; and evaluating water-saving measures in the central and satellite plant cooling towers. One of the largest factors in this decrease is the energy-conservation efforts we have implemented across campus that have reduced the cooling load on the central plant.We have also done a lot of great things in our new buildings, and we are building them with the future in mind. Today, 10 percent of our buildings on campus are LEED certified, and all of those buildings are at least 30 percent more water efficient than the code requires. The newest building on campus, the modernized Gates–Thomas Laboratory, is 35 percent more water efficient than code requires. And the outdoor irrigation in Gates–Thomas is 50 percent more efficient than the code requires, in part, because we have it set up with a drip-only irrigation system.Also, we have a cistern in the Linde + Robinson Laboratory that catches rainwater and runoff.What are you hoping to achieve with the town hall?We certainly want to tackle our water conservation efforts holistically and strategically—that’s the Caltech way of doing it. It is going to take time because a lot of what we are looking at are engineering challenges with capital costs and requiring an investment of time.We will tackle these over the long term, but in the meantime, we also have to find a way to be compliant, be a good neighbor, and be tactical and meet the short-term guidelines and restrictions that the city has in place. I’m hoping that our community can rise to that challenge and that we can have a conversation about the issue, what we are doing, and what we might do to address this problem now and for the future.The current drought and the city’s water-reduction goals may be a short-term issue, but carrying out our work using less water is the new normal.For more information about Caltech water conservation and sustainability efforts, visit Caltech’s Sustainability Office website. You can also email questions to [email protected] Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Your email address will not be published. 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Gunners manager Mikel Arteta (Picture: Getty)‘Chelsea have bought amazingly well. They are going to close the gap on Liverpool next season.‘It could be one of the tightest league title races in a long time. But Arsenal have a long way to go to get to that level.’Arteta’s side have the opportunity to test themselves against the Premier League champions when they face Liverpool in the Community Shield on Saturday.And Merson added: ‘The Community Shield is a benchmark for Arsenal to see how far behind Liverpool they still are.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City‘They could beat Liverpool and win the game. Of course they could. But that’s what Arsenal are – a cup team.‘On their day they can beat anybody. But how often is their day? Over 38 games it’s Liverpool who are consistent. That’s what Arsenal need to find. Consistency.‘That’s why this game is a benchmark for them. They need to see how far behind they are.’Follow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.For more stories like this, check our sport page.MORE: Gabriel Martinelli offers verdict on Arsenal signing WillianMORE: Ray Parlour urges Mikel Arteta to sell Arsenal star to fund transfers Comment Metro Sport ReporterSaturday 29 Aug 2020 8:48 amShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link781Shares Paul Merson wants Arsenal to sign Gabriel Magalhaes this summer (Picture: Getty / Sky Sports)Paul Merson says it will be a ‘big statement’ from Arsenal if they complete a deal for Gabriel Magalhaes.The Gunners look set to sign the Brazilian defender after he reportedly agreed a five-year contract with the club.A number of teams from across Europe have expressed interest in signing Gabriel and Arsenal hero Merson says it will be ‘huge’ if his former club win the race to secure his signature.The Gunners finished only eighth in the Premier League last season but at least finished the campaign with some silverware after beating Chelsea in the FA Cup final.ADVERTISEMENT‘If Arsenal sign Gabriel Magalhaes I think it’s a big statement because of all the other clubs that were after him,’ Merson told Starsport.AdvertisementAdvertisement‘If Arsenal have managed to get him in without having Champions League football to offer, I think that’s huge.‘I like what Mikel Arteta is doing. But there are plenty of teams around them getting better as well. Paul Merson urges Arsenal to make ‘big statement’ by completing Gabriel Magalhaes transfer Advertisement Advertisement
A skeleton of an extinct creature was found on the coast of Peru. Evolutionists are all calling it a walking whale.In Current Biology, a team led by Olivier Lambert announced a skeleton of what they call an “amphibious whale” or a “quadrupedal whale” they found off the coast of Peru. When the story (complete with artists’ conceptions) hit the press, reporters took the bait and ran with it without asking any questions, printing blow-ups of the artwork as the leading tease under their breathless headlines.Credit: Brett MillerAncient, four-legged whale with otter-like features found along the coast of Peru (Cell Press).Ancient Four-Legged Whale Swam Across Oceans, Walked Across Continents (Live Science).Amazing four-legged fossil shows how walking whales learned to swim (New Scientist).Fossil of ancient four-legged whale found in Peru (BBC News).Ancient four-legged whales once roamed land and sea (The Conversation).The lead discoverer was ecstatic about the evolutionary implications of his discovery. “This is the first indisputable record of a quadrupedal whale skeleton for the whole Pacific Ocean, probably the oldest for the Americas, and the most complete outside India and Pakistan,” said Olivier Lambert of the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences.The team believes the date of the fossil fits the assumed evolutionary transition between artiodactyls and cetaceans, provided it was able to cross the ocean from Pakistan, where the other alleged ‘walking whale’ specimens were found. The discoverers embedded their interpretation into the name, calling it Peregocetus pacificus, “the traveling whale that reached the Pacific.”Comparative sizes of humpback whale and its presumed land ancestor. Credit: Illustra Media.Experience through many years of reporting overhyped claims by evolutionists teaches one to remain skeptical. First of all, the beast does not resemble a whale. It has a long snout, and probably a long tail, and some possible webbing in its four feet. But so do seals, sea lions, beavers, and otters. It is not really that different from the extinct animals in Pakistan that have long been touted as transitional forms, except that this one was found on the west coast of Peru. It may have been about four feet long, but whales are among the largest animals that ever lived.Since the news media are not doing their duty to ask questions, let’s do it for them.How do they know it is a whale? They don’t. That’s their interpretation. It would be like calling a platypus a duck because of its duckbill, or a snake because of its poison spur.How could it be a non-whale? Many other animals have some of these traits: webbed feet, long snouts, and an amphibious lifestyle. The authors say that the creature shared some traits with beavers and otters. Extinct animals often display a mosaic of traits.How is it unlike a whale? It is not an obligate marine mammal, where every function has to be performed in water 24 x 7. That’s a huge change in lifestyle, requiring many simultaneous adaptations.Is it really a transitional form? Many mammals with amphibious lifestyles are not considered transitional forms to whales: manatees, hippos, sea lions, beavers, otters, humans. Nobody watched how this animal lived, because it is extinct.Did it really cross the ocean? The authors claim that Africa and South America would have been closer when this animal lived. That proves nothing. It would still be a long, long way for a fish-eating amphibious mammal to travel that far. With only one specimen known, there’s too little evidence to make a case. Many types of animals are known to be cosmopolitan. Maybe this one was, too, but we lack enough fossils to know. You can’t build a story on one fossil. You can’t say it swam from Pakistan to Peru in order to evolve into a new creature on its way to whalehood.Why not believe it was a transitional form? In the Illustra Media documentary Living Waters, Dr Richard Sternberg points out irreducibly complex traits like the male reproductive system that would need relocation inside the body plus a complex cooling system to prevent sterility. That, and many other systems, would require complete overhauls for obligate marine living, involving numerous genetic changes. And yet the probability of getting just two coordinated mutations, he calculated, is 100 million years, far longer than the time allowed for alleged “whale evolution” to occur. This consideration alone blows the story out of the water, so to speak.Epistemic modesty should keep scientists from spinning elaborate yarns about great transformations in evolution. The whale story is one of the biggest. It’s sufficient to say that ‘We found another unknown animal in the fossil record, and here are its features.’ (Visited 557 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Mikel John Obi happy former Chelsea teammate Lampard in chargeby Paul Vegas14 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveMikel John Obi is happy seeing former Chelsea teammate Frank Lampard in charge at Stamford Bridge.The Nigerian is currently at Turkish side Trabzonspor and in an interview with the club’s official magazine, he shared his thoughts on what was happening at Stamford Bridge.”I am very happy for Frank. When we were playing at Chelsea, we are expecting that John Terry and he would be very good managers, but we were expecting Terry to reach that level first. But Lampard made a big step,” said the 32-year-old.”His arrival at Chelsea means the club are caring for their legends. I joked with him after the Chelsea move, I want to be his assistant when I retire.”I hope he will be successful at Chelsea for many more years. I also want to see John Terry in similar jobs in the future because he was our leader on the pitch.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Five-star defensive tackle Terry Beckner Jr. is an imposing figure, standing 6-foot-4 and weighing 293 pounds. Beckner possesses an impressive physical stature but showed an equally powerful emotional side as he broke down in tears this morning before announcing his decision to sign with Missouri. Beckner hails from East St. Louis, Ill., a city that has been hit hard by poverty and crime. It’s awesome seeing how much this moment meant for Beckner and the family members that surrounded him. Good luck to the young man as he stays local.
Twitter/@Landgrant33Cardale Jones and Tyvis Powell are extremely close, to the point where Powell often refers to the big quarterback as his “son.” They are also well known for pulling pranks on one another and cracking jokes at the other’s expense. During today’s Ohio State spring game, the Powell got the best of Jones, intercepting a pass. Jones, who is wearing a non-contact jersey, put a lick on Powell after the pick, but Powell definitely gets the best of his friend with the celebration, where he pretended to take a selfie with him.TYVIS POWELL FAKE SELFIE CELEBRATION DOT MP4 pic.twitter.com/6tqSrmdytk— Land-Grant Holy Land (@Landgrant33) April 18, 2015Jones and Powell are two of the most entertaining players in college football, and they also happen to be among the best on a team that is favored to repeat as national champions. Expect to see more of their comedic stylings as we head towards the 2015 season.
The US Air Force will this summer begin testing a laser that will be mounted on an F-15 warplane, an official said Monday. © 2018 AFP Laser weapons edge toward use in US military Explore further Citation: US Air Force to begin fighter-mounted laser testing this summer (2018, March 20) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-03-air-fighter-mounted-laser-summer.html The Pentagon last year awarded a $26 million contract to Lockheed Martin for a laser program called SHiELD (Self-protect High Energy Laser Demonstrator.)The idea is to put a laser system on aircraft with an output of about 50 kilowatts to test their ability to zap drones or cruise missiles.”We have got tests starting this summer and the flight tests next summer,” Jeff Stanley, deputy assistant secretary of the Air Force for science, technology and engineering, told reporters.”There are still some technical challenges that we have to overcome, mainly size, weight, power.”Military laser beams are invisible to the naked eye.By focusing a beam on a target, the technology rapidly heats it up inside, causing it to crash or explode. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.