Alan Dowty, a faculty fellow at the Kroc Institute, addressed the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and its roots in a discussion of his new book, “Arabs and Jews in Ottoman Palestine” on Thursday. Dowty showcased his research in the Hesburgh Center for International Studies.Dowty traces the dispute back to 1882, specifically the arrival of a strange group of foreigners. Christopher Parker Alan Dowty expanded upon the arguments made in his book, “Arabs and Jews in Ottoman Palestine,” on Thursday while presenting his research in the Hesburgh Center for International Studies.“My basic thesis is that the East / West, or if you like, the European / Middle East cultural clash is at the center of this,” he said.Dowty’s thesis explores the escalation of conflict during two waves of Jewish immigration to Ottoman Palestine, called “aliya.” Dowty said the second wave saw themselves as the pioneers of Jewish Israel. Because of this, the second aliya has received most historical attention.“The second aliya was very assertive as opposed to the first aliya,” Dowty said. “They were opposed to Arab labor in the Jewish settlements, which created a great deal of conflict, and therefore, this is where it begins, so a lot of historians say.”Historical accounts from the first aliya reveal their own pattern of dispute, which undercuts the claim that these tensions began in the 20th century. Dowty argued that the reason this violence goes unexamined is because of its scale.“The first aliya clashes with Arabs did not have any bearing on political relations with the Arabs as a body,” he said.Rather than when immigrants arrived, Dowty believes the European attitude of emigrating Jews consistently motivated antagonism between Jews and Arabs, across both of the aliyas. He quoted early Zionist Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, who saw Jewish emigration as a civilizing mission, believing Arabs to be “impoverished paupers and total illiterates.”“This is positive, this gives meaning to what they’re doing,” he said. “They’re bringing civilization to a backward part of the world. [This is] what I call the benefit theory: the idea that they were bringing the benefits of Western civilization to this area of the world. This was the main rationale that Zionists adopted. Zionists were European.”The relationship between Europeans and the dying Ottoman Empire was not a friendly one, Dowty said.“Among the population, big surprise — hostility toward Europeans, going back to the crusades, which they never forgot,” he said.The Jewish immigrants, on the other hand, had no plans for assimilating, Dowty said.“This was the one place in the world where they went because they didn’t have to adjust to somebody else,” Dowty said. “They will form their own society, they will become a majority and all will be well.”For Dowty, the conflict began the moment European Jews arrived in Palestine without regard for the culture already in place. He cited several examples that support his case.“What happens with the non-European Jews, the Sephardi? People who have lived in the Ottoman empire for two generations who are culturally a part of it? Well, they were very critical of European Zionists,” Dowty said. “Two of the early settlements were of Sephardic Jews, and neither had significant problems with their neighbors.”He also discussed the German Protestant immigrant populations who were not Jewish but also faced hostility among Arabic neighbors. Together with his observations about struggles during the first aliya, Dowty believes this conflict must have began as a clash of cultures.“One of the Jewish teachers … said that the natives of the land respect no one who does not speak Arabic. And that’s generally true,” he said.Tags: Alan Dowty, Arabs and Jews in Ottoman Palestine, Hesburgh Center for International Studies, Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Kroc Institute
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Share GVC hires ‘comms pro’ Tessa Curtis to re-energise media profile August 25, 2020 Jason Ader – No Boogeyman… Activism will play a vital part in reshaping gambling August 20, 2020 Share Related Articles GVC absorbs retail shocks as business recalibrates for critical H2 trading August 13, 2020 Submit StumbleUpon Further to announcing its leadership change this morning, GVC Holdings has published a H1 post-close trading statement informing investors of the firm’s performance under challenging global conditions. Navigating COVID-19 complexities, GVC underlined that the company was robust and decisive in implementing cost management actions to ensure that the group achieved its objective of operating at a cash neutral position during the lockdown period.Trading under ‘extraordinary circumstances’ following the Q2 closure of its UK and European retail estates and the further postponement of global sports, GVC saw its group H1 NGR decline 11%. Despite its business operations being interrupted from mid-March, GVC highlighted the continued growth of its online gambling division, which saw NGR increase 19% during the H1 period.Online gambling’s robust performance was maintained by its diverse product inventory and geographic mix, said GVC, supporting the division’s performance during the sports lockdown.However, the post-close statement underlined the pandemic’s severe trading impact on GVC’s UK and European retail operations. The enforced closure of Ladbrokes Coral estates from mid-March saw UK retail like-for-like NGR decline by 86% during Q2 trading.GVC’s retail impacts were further compounded by the Q2 closure of its Belgium and Ireland estates down 90% during the period, as group retail NGR tracked at a -50% decline for the H1 period.Withstanding trading impacts, GVC pointed to a period of continued progress on key group directives, including Ladbrokes Coral brands being migrated onto GVC’s group technology platform. Furthermore, as reported this month, GVC and US partner MGM Resorts agreed to increase funding of its ROAR Digital joint-venture to $450 million, accelerating the development and prospects of its BetMGM property.Outgoing Group CEO Kenneth Alexander commented on performance: “All in all, our resilient performance through what has been a turbulent first half and the proven strength of our business model means that the Group can look forward to the future with confidence.” “It is a clear testament to the strength and diversification of our business model, the quality of our technology, the enduring appeal of our brands, and the talent, commitment and professionalism of our people. “We have worked hard to achieve our target of operating at cash neutral throughout the lockdown period, which has enabled the Group to retain the necessary financial strength to be able to take advantage of growth opportunities as and when they are presented to it. Our increased investment in BetMGM in the US is a case in point.”At present, GVC expects H1 group EBITDA to be in the range of £340-£350 million. It will publish its 2020 interim results on Thursday 13 August.