Bipolarity, the presence of a species in the high latitudes separated by a gap in distribution across the tropics, is a well-known pattern of global species distribution. But the question of whether bipolar species have evolved independently at the poles since the establishment of the cold-water provinces 16–8 million years ago, or if genes have been transferred across the tropics since that time, has not been addressed. Here we examine genetic variation in the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene of three bipolar planktonic foraminiferal morphospecies. We identify at least one identical genotype in all three morphospecies in both the Arctic and Antarctic subpolar provinces, indicating that trans-tropical gene flow must have occurred. Our genetic analysis also reveals that foraminiferal morphospecies can consist of a complex of genetic types. Such occurrences of genetically distinct populations within one morphospecies may affect the use of planktonic foraminifers as a palaeoceanographic proxy for climate change and necessitate a reassessment of the species concept for the group.
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By Donald WittkowskiThe Jersey Shore’s picturesque beaches, oceanfront mansions and family-friendly boardwalks certainly don’t seem like the backdrop for potential terrorist attacks.But senior law-enforcement officials warned Wednesday that seashore communities are not immune to possible terrorism strikes and should never lull themselves into a false sense of security.Cape May County Prosecutor Robert Taylor, one of the speakers during a homeland security forum in Avalon, bluntly told the audience that terrorism “can happen anywhere in the state of New Jersey.”“There’s an attitude out there of, ‘It can’t happen here, this is Cape May County,’” Taylor said.Taylor noted that two of the terrorists from the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks were on the Wildwood Boardwalk using an ATM machine before they flew a hijacked airliner into the World Trade Center. One of them had attempted to sign up for flying lessons at the Cape May County Airport, he said.In another brush with a possible terrorist scheme, two plotters allegedly scouted out the Cape May Harbor as a potential target. They instead set their sights on Fort Dix in New Jersey as part of a planned attack against U.S. soldiers in 2007 that was thwarted by authorities, Taylor said.Uniformed officers and top homeland security experts were among those who participated in the conference.Avalon Mayor Martin Pagliughi, who also serves as the director of the Cape May County Office of Emergency Management, said there were suspicions that a pipe-bomb explosion last September inside a trash can in Seaside Park, Ocean County, may have been a diversion for a bigger attack on a firefighters’ convention in Wildwood.Taylor, Pagliughi and other speakers at the homeland security conference strongly urged the public to be aware of possible terrorist attacks. They encouraged local residents and businesses to report any suspicious activity they see to law-enforcement authorities.“You are the people down in the weeds. You are our eyes and ears,” said Capt. Joe Sansone, who oversees threat analysis and critical infrastructure for the New Jersey State Police.Maj. Frederick Fife, commanding officer of the New Jersey State Police, and Jared Maples, acting director of the New Jersey Office of Homeland Security and Preparedness, or NJOHSP, also emphasized the need for partnerships between the public, local communities and all levels of law enforcement.“Homeland security is a local matter. Homeland security is hometown security,” Maples said.In calling for the public’s help, Fife said law enforcement simply isn’t “big enough or nimble enough” to do it alone in the war against terrorism.Jersey Shore communities should be particularly vigilant because they are a gathering point for a large influx of tourists, officials stressed. Terrorists might view the seashore’s tourist-packed boardwalks and big summer events as potential targets, they said.Jeffrey Elgrim, left, and Joseph Conrey, senior officials with the New Jersey Office of Homeland Security and Preparedness, outlined steps for communities to protect themselves from terrorism.Joseph Conrey, critical infrastructure coordinator for the NJOHSP, said local police departments should consider erecting barriers or closing off ramps to the boardwalks to protect them against “ramming” attacks such as the one involving a cargo truck that plowed into a crowd in Nice, France, last year, killing 86 people.“There’s no one-size-fits-all. It’s really event-driven or threat-driven,” Conrey said while encouraging police to be flexible in their planning and security procedures for major events.Emphasizing the importance of tourism for the Jersey Shore, the speakers said they did not want to discourage any communities from holding large events. They also said people should not be paralyzed by fear over the possibility of terrorism.Jeffrey Elgrim, an intelligence planner with the NJOHSP, characterized New Jersey’s intelligence and counterterrorism programs as a model for other states across the country.“Everyone wants to emulate what we do,” he said.At the same time, Elgrim pointed out that no one should underestimate the possibility of terrorism happening at the Jersey Shore.“Just because you’re in Cape May County, you’re not immune anymore,” he said.The audience at the Avalon Community Hall was told that every community in New Jersey is a potential terrorism target.A major focus of the homeland security conference was the role that Cape May County businesses may play in protecting their communities against terrorism. The Cape May County Chamber of Commerce helped to organize the event.The security forum was designed to train and educate the owners and operators of popular seashore attractions, such as restaurants, cafes, theaters, stores, boardwalks and entertainment venues.Vicki Clark, president of the Cape May County Chamber of Commerce, noted that tourism is the lifeblood of the seashore communities. She said local businesses “need to be more engaged” about the potential threat of terrorism because they come in contact with so many tourists.“We know how important it is to provide a safe environment for our visitors and residents,” Clark said.She added, “Anything can happen – anytime, anywhere.” Martin Pagliughi, director of the Cape May County Office of Emergency Management, touts the importance of the county’s reverse 911 system.
Ocean City VFW Post 6650 would like to announce the Fall Golf Event at Greate Bay Country Club on Wednesday, September 27, 2017.Come and enjoy a day of golf that includes lunch and a fabulous dinner with awards ceremony, silent auction, raffle and 50/50. Prizes will be awarded for tournament winner, runner-up, closest to the pin, hole-in-one, putting challenge, and longest drive for man & woman.Individual hole sponsorships are available as well as other sponsorship opportunities. The Early Bird Rate of $120.00 for golfers ends on September 7th.If you are not a golfer no need to worry… join us for dinner! Tickets are available for dinner only.Download (PDF, 1.18MB)
A total of 450 jobs have been axed after the Lyndale Group was put into administration which led to the closure of the Sayers’ bakery in Norris Green, Liverpool, 41 stores across the north west and the Sayers headquarters in the city. The job losses were implemented after a management buy-out by Sayers chairman Sandy Birnie and chief executive Michael Quinlan who have formed a new company, Sayers the Bakers. They bought back 158 Hampson and Sayers stores, as well as Hampson’s bakery in Bolton. Dermot Power and Toby Underwood, the joint administrators from BDO Stoy Hayward, are currently looking to sell Lyndale’s Peter Hunt business, which manufactures meat pies and pasties, as “a going concern”. Power said Sayers the Bakers would be sourcing “most but not all its products from external suppliers”.Birnie blamed the company’s problems on “escalating costs of raw materials, as well as soaring energy and fuel costs”. He added: “Unfortunately, we have had to take some extremely difficult decisions in recent weeks, but the situation was simply unsustainable and we have had to act now in order to protect the long-term futures and job security for the remaining 1,500 employees around the north west.” However, the management’s actions were condemned by the Baker’s Food and Allied Workers’ Union (BFAWU) which was staging its annual conference in Bridlington, North Yorkshire, as the buy-out deal was announced. BFAWU organising district secretary for the north west John Higgins told British Baker that while the union knew the Norris Green plant was set to shut, the closure of what the company termed its “poor performing” stores had come as “a complete shock”.
Sandwich chain Subway has hit another 2015 milestone in opening 500 stores in non-traditional locations in the UK and Ireland. The brand is continuing to target stores in sites including petrol forecourts, convenience stores, hospitals and transport hubs, universities and colleges. Partners include Welcome Break, Euro Garages, Blakemore, Applegreen and Sodexo.The franchise-operated business is still looking for partners and will be joining the line-up of exhibitors at the National Convenience Show (NCS) at Birmingham’s NEC this week.Alice Chalmers, national accounts manager for Subway UK and Ireland, said: “As a key player in the convenience sector, now with over 500 stores in non-traditional locations, the NCS provides the perfect platform to showcase the partnership opportunities available with the Subway brand. The opportunity to be Bronze Partners at this year’s National Convenience Show is very important to the Subway brand and we are delighted to have taken this on for the third year.“As the UK and Ireland’s largest specialist sandwich provider, it is vital for the Subway brand to lead the way in the convenience retail sector. When discussing opportunities with potential franchisees and landlords, the Subway brand highlights the benefits that the addition of a Subway franchise into a convenience store can bring; for example increased footfall and excellent business growth opportunities.”Subway earlier this year announced the opening of its 2,000th store in the UK and Ireland along with a plan to reach 3,000 by 2020.
Alan Dowty, a faculty fellow at the Kroc Institute, addressed the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and its roots in a discussion of his new book, “Arabs and Jews in Ottoman Palestine” on Thursday. Dowty showcased his research in the Hesburgh Center for International Studies.Dowty traces the dispute back to 1882, specifically the arrival of a strange group of foreigners. Christopher Parker Alan Dowty expanded upon the arguments made in his book, “Arabs and Jews in Ottoman Palestine,” on Thursday while presenting his research in the Hesburgh Center for International Studies.“My basic thesis is that the East / West, or if you like, the European / Middle East cultural clash is at the center of this,” he said.Dowty’s thesis explores the escalation of conflict during two waves of Jewish immigration to Ottoman Palestine, called “aliya.” Dowty said the second wave saw themselves as the pioneers of Jewish Israel. Because of this, the second aliya has received most historical attention.“The second aliya was very assertive as opposed to the first aliya,” Dowty said. “They were opposed to Arab labor in the Jewish settlements, which created a great deal of conflict, and therefore, this is where it begins, so a lot of historians say.”Historical accounts from the first aliya reveal their own pattern of dispute, which undercuts the claim that these tensions began in the 20th century. Dowty argued that the reason this violence goes unexamined is because of its scale.“The first aliya clashes with Arabs did not have any bearing on political relations with the Arabs as a body,” he said.Rather than when immigrants arrived, Dowty believes the European attitude of emigrating Jews consistently motivated antagonism between Jews and Arabs, across both of the aliyas. He quoted early Zionist Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, who saw Jewish emigration as a civilizing mission, believing Arabs to be “impoverished paupers and total illiterates.”“This is positive, this gives meaning to what they’re doing,” he said. “They’re bringing civilization to a backward part of the world. [This is] what I call the benefit theory: the idea that they were bringing the benefits of Western civilization to this area of the world. This was the main rationale that Zionists adopted. Zionists were European.”The relationship between Europeans and the dying Ottoman Empire was not a friendly one, Dowty said.“Among the population, big surprise — hostility toward Europeans, going back to the crusades, which they never forgot,” he said.The Jewish immigrants, on the other hand, had no plans for assimilating, Dowty said.“This was the one place in the world where they went because they didn’t have to adjust to somebody else,” Dowty said. “They will form their own society, they will become a majority and all will be well.”For Dowty, the conflict began the moment European Jews arrived in Palestine without regard for the culture already in place. He cited several examples that support his case.“What happens with the non-European Jews, the Sephardi? People who have lived in the Ottoman empire for two generations who are culturally a part of it? Well, they were very critical of European Zionists,” Dowty said. “Two of the early settlements were of Sephardic Jews, and neither had significant problems with their neighbors.”He also discussed the German Protestant immigrant populations who were not Jewish but also faced hostility among Arabic neighbors. Together with his observations about struggles during the first aliya, Dowty believes this conflict must have began as a clash of cultures.“One of the Jewish teachers … said that the natives of the land respect no one who does not speak Arabic. And that’s generally true,” he said.Tags: Alan Dowty, Arabs and Jews in Ottoman Palestine, Hesburgh Center for International Studies, Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Kroc Institute
2. Matilda—25% They’re loud. They love their telly. And much like the Sycamores, they have some unfortunate run-ins with some Russians. But the Wormwoods, through all their bickering and belittling, are certainly a colorful clan that we love to hate. And bow down, because there is some royal blood in that family, mind you. 3. A Gentleman’s Guide to Love and Murder—16% Eight D’Ysquiths, from Lords, to Ladies, each one stranger than the next. It’s unfortunate that they seem to get offed just as quickly as we meet them. But that’s life. Or death. And funnily enough, they all somehow look vaguely similar. We wonder why that is. View Comments 1. The Addams Family—37% Two snaps for the winner! They’re creepy and they’re kooky…you know the gist. A tangoing mother and father, a “pulled” brother and sister, a wisecracking grandma and an electrifying uncle—all with a taste for death. While they may not have pickled pigs’ feet or Love Dreams, a dinner with the Addams’ is far from “one normal night,” as the Beinekes learn in the goulish tuner. The Broadway revival of You Can’t Take It With You celebrated its opening night at the Longacre Theatre on September 28. We’re thrilled to have the silly Sycamores back on the Great White Way—snakes, fireworks and all. But they’re not the only group who makes us raise an eyebrow. This weekend, we asked you which Broadway show had the wackiest family. The votes are in, and the winner is…
The world premiere of Fernanda Coppel’s King Liz will extend off-Broadway through August 15. Directed by Lisa Peterson, the Second Stage Theatre Uptown production, starring Karen Pittman and more, had previously been set to shutter on August 8. The show officially opened at the McGinn/Cazale Theatre on July 27.King Liz follows Liz Rico (Pittman), a sports agent who, despite money and an elite client roster, must work twice as hard to stay on top in an industry dominated by men. When Freddie Luna, a high school basketball star with a troubled past enters, she seizes the opportunity to skyrocket his career as well as her own.Pittman is joined by Jeremie Harris as Freddie Luna, Michael Cullen as Mr. Candy, Russell G. Jones as Coach Jones, Caroline Lagerfelt as Barbara Flowers and Irene Sofia Lucio as Gabby Fuentes. View Comments
Anglo American eyes exit from thermal coal production sector FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Bloomberg:Anglo American Plc dropped another hint that its days of mining the world’s most polluting fuel are limited.In a slew of presentations released for an investor visit to Anglo assets in Australia, thermal coal was noticeably absent from a list of units seen to have long-term potential. The company is on a trajectory away from thermal coal, and will do so responsibly, an Anglo spokesman said.Anglo will decide in the next year if thermal coal fits into its future portfolio, and may be better off selling the assets, RBC Capital Markets said in a note following the presentations.Anglo has spent decades positioning itself as an environmental and social champion, from treatment plans for employees with HIV or tuberculosis, to developing new ways to mine with less water. Yet on thermal coal it risks getting left behind, as investors quickly ratchet up pressure. Rival Rio Tinto Group sold its last coal mines in 2018, making it the first major mining company to go coal-free. BHP Group is looking at options to exit its remaining coal mines in Colombia and Australia. That would leave Anglo with Glencore Plc as the only two Western majors with thermal coal assets.The message from certain investors is clear. Norway’s $1 trillion wealth fund said earlier this year it would stop investing in companies that mine more than 20 million tons a year of thermal coal, a target Anglo would currently miss.Still, the miner has been cutting production in recent years, with output falling from as much as 80 million tons to less than 30 million tons. Today, Anglo lowered its 2021 thermal coal target to 26 million tons from a previous goal of as much as 30 million tons. The company has sold coal mines in South Africa, including to Seriti Resources Holdings Ltd., which is planning to build a massive black-owned mining company.More: Another big mining company hints at a coal-free future
In the end, the authors wonder whether a change in the development paradigm can be expected, in which the discourse of growth with negative externalities has been dominant so far, or with the first better season or quarter, everything will be returned to normal? The very appearance of the Corona virus is a direct consequence of land use changes (deforestation, habitat fragmentation and growing agriculture increase contacts between humans and other animals) which are key drivers of zoonotic diseases, the authors point out in the introduction and emphasize that protected areas and environmental laws they must be part of our global strategy to reduce or prevent future disease episodes. Namely, at the global level, there is a noticeable trend of decreasing funding from the state budget, as well as other public sources, with a parallel increase in ticket collection, educational and recreational programs and other facilities in protected areas. Finally, the possibility of relieving the basic tourist attractions through the diversification of the offer and the spatial dispersion of visitors should be emphasized. This is a special opportunity to move towards higher quality products and services, especially in terms of the interpretation of natural heritage, which brings new employment and income. On the other hand, we witness a relatively intensive use of urban green spaces on a daily basis, where it is not possible to achieve the same level of social distancing. This shows that people have an intense need to live in the natural environment, and by reducing the restrictions, the demand for living in nature will spill over into other natural areas outside urban and suburban areas. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, tourism in all types of destinations is in a phase of stagnation or decline, as well as in destinations of protected natural areas that essentially represent a space to stay in a healthy environment with reduced social interaction. Intensive tourism and visiting, which has become very active in some of our protected areas in the last ten years (Plitvice Lakes, Krka, Lokrum, Kornati, etc.), is in itself massive and inadequate in the first phase of recovery of protected areas, because it does not provide social distance. (which will certainly be one of the important safety aspects of the destination when choosing), and again neglects the primary protection functions. Attitudes and thoughts about reducing the use of protected areas due to the pandemic are markedly divided. One group is represented by scientists and experts who emphasize the importance of the primary functions of protected areas; conservation of species and biodiversity, maintenance of ecosystem services and wildlife protection, while the second group is of the opinion that due to the reduction of pressure on protected areas, and due to the intensive reduction of visits to them, it leads to funding issues. Therefore, it is important to see the current crisis as an opportunity to implement existing strategies and plans, but also “reset” tourism in protected areas, from a form of excursion tourism to protected areas, to essential ecotourism, the authors emphasize. The current situation should facilitate communication with stakeholders of all extremes of thought and encourage compromises for a sustainable, ie “middle” path of nature exploitation in tourism. Finally, it is important to point out that the lack of funding can cause a reduction in the number of employees, which would indirectly affect the increase of activities in the field of poaching and illegal logging, illegal waste disposal, endemic harvesting and the like. It can be concluded that the value of tourism in generating revenue for national parks and nature parks to perform conservation science activities is becoming apparent with this crisis. In terms of the above, it is important to consider when and in what form tourism will return to protected areas. In this sense, the potential is represented by selective types of tourism and activities based on the interpretation of science and heritage, such as specialized guided tours, visitor info centers and sites, and volunteer and educational tourism, which involves the tourist in learning and research processes. Photo: NP Krka How the COVID-19 crisis affects the destinations of protected natural areas is the topic of a new joint professional work of experts from the Institute of Tourism, dr.sc. Izidora Marković Vukadin, Ph.D. Hrvoje Carić and mr.sc.biol. & mag.agr. Roman Ozimec This is especially important for Croatia, which for many decades has so far effectively avoided the establishment of meritorious knowledge, informed planning and management, and the sustainable use of natural, human and spatial resources, the authors conclude. Photo: NP Plitvice Be sure to read the entire paper in the attachment. Attachment: Impact and repercussions COVID-19 crisis on destinations protected h natural areas / Izidora Markovic Vukadin, Hrvoje Caric & Roman Ozimec: